AI Ranked the Most Vital Know-how in 2024, IEEE Survey Finds


Prolonged actuality, cloud computing, 5G and electrical autos are additionally within the prime 5, based on the worldwide survey of CIOs, CTOs and tech leaders.

Vector illustration of a virtual AI chip on a circuit pattern background.
Picture: putilov_denis/Adobe Inventory

Totally different points of synthetic intelligence – predictive and generative AI, machine studying and pure language processing – might be an important applied sciences globally in 2024, based on a new study from IEEE. The opposite applied sciences rounding out the highest 5 are prolonged actuality (28%), which incorporates the metaverse, augmented actuality, digital actuality and blended actuality, together with cloud computing (24%), 5G (22%) and electrical autos (20%).

Tech leaders additionally recognized digital twins, 6G, quantum, sustainability and cybersecurity as priorities for the approaching 12 months.

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How AI might be utilized in 2024

In 2024, AI purposes and algorithms that may optimize knowledge, carry out complicated duties and make selections with human-like accuracy might be utilized in various methods, the research finds. Of the highest potential purposes for AI subsequent 12 months, tech leaders surveyed chosen:

  • Actual-time cybersecurity vulnerability identification and assault prevention (54%).
  • Growing provide chain and warehouse automation efficiencies (42%).
  • Aiding and accelerating software program improvement, automating customer support (38%).
  • Automating customer support (35%).
  • Dashing up candidate screening, recruiting and hiring time (34%).
  • Accelerating illness mapping and drug discovery (32%).
  • Automating and stabilizing utility energy sources (31%).

Forty-one p.c of survey individuals stated they anticipate 26% to 50% of jobs throughout the worldwide economic system might be augmented by AI-driven software program in 2024.

Though generative AI is being included into extra areas, Tom Coughlin, IEEE life fellow and 2023 IEEE president-elect, informed TechRepublic in an e-mail interview: “I’d not be stunned to see some pull-back within the hype” subsequent 12 months.

He added, “Additionally, with the growth of information facilities for AI workloads it’s doable, given the decreased knowledge middle infrastructure funding within the second half of 2022 and all through 2023, that there might be short-term shortages that would influence the rollout of AI purposes in 2024 till suppliers can ramp up their manufacturing to satisfy demand. This might be notably true of reminiscence and storage applied sciences.”

Advantages of prolonged actuality, digital twins, 5G and 6G

XR and digital twins

Digital simulations utilizing XR and digital twin applied sciences to extra effectively design, develop and safely check product prototypes and manufacturing processes might be essential in 2024, based on the IEEE survey.

5G

Respondents stated they imagine 5G will profit areas together with transportation, infrastructure and sustainability. Extra particularly:

  • Telemedicine, together with distant surgical procedure and well being document transmissions (54% in 2024 and 2023).
  • Private {and professional} day-to-day communications (46% in 2024 vs. 49% in 2023).
  • Distant studying and training (46% in 2024 vs. 56% in 2023).
  • Leisure, sports activities and stay occasion streaming (43% in 2024 vs. 51% in 2023).
  • Transportation and site visitors management (39% in 2024 vs. 29% in 2023).
  • Manufacturing/meeting (27% in 2024 vs. 25% in 2023).
  • Carbon footprint discount and vitality effectivity (30% in 2024 vs. 23% in 2023).

6G

Practically 9 out of 10 world technologists (88%) agreed that 6G will primarily be an evolving work in progress in 2024 however might be standardized within the subsequent three to 5 years. As well as, a robust majority of world technologists (94%) agreed that the event of communication satellites for cellular connectivity will deliver parity to some rural and developed areas globally in 2024.

Quantum is on leaders’ radar

Generative AI could proceed to dominate the expertise panorama, however different applied sciences corresponding to quantum may have important impacts.

Additional, 86% of respondents agreed that in 2024 quantum computing will achieve probably the most consideration for considerably larger computing energy — a trillion occasions larger than that of right now’s most superior supercomputers — in addition to for its utility to post-quantum cryptography and cybersecurity.

SEE: Interview: Quantum Test Chip Lets Intel and Researchers Shape What Comes Next for Quantum Computing (TechRepublic)

“There are new efforts, notably by startups, to create extra highly effective quantum computing applied sciences” subsequent 12 months, Coughlin stated. “I anticipate extra bulletins of advances on this space in 2024 for computing purposes past its use in cryptography and cybersecurity.”

IEEE member Carmen Fontana agreed, saying that “Quantum is having its house race second of kinds – each inside non-public business and at a worldwide political scale. Count on to see extra frequent bulletins of milestones and breakthroughs from the varied gamers within the house specializing in each heft (quantum benefit) and accuracy (error correction). And like we’re seeing with AI, we might even see extra authorities funding, and oversight, in quantum.”

Sustainability stays a precedence

Applied sciences that foster sustainability proceed to be a precedence. The research discovered {that a} robust majority (92%) agreed they’ve prioritized sustainability targets for 2024 and past, and any applied sciences their firm implements are required to be energy-efficient and assist shrink their carbon footprint.

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Cybersecurity remains to be a giant concern

The cybersecurity considerations most certainly to be in expertise leaders’ prime three in 2024 stay the identical as final 12 months:

  • Knowledge middle vulnerability (43% in 2024 and 2023).
  • Cloud vulnerability (42% in 2024, down from 51% in 2023).
  • Safety points associated to the cellular and hybrid workforce/staff utilizing their very own gadgets (41% in 2024, down from 46% in 2023).

The research discovered that different cybersecurity considerations will rise in 2024, together with:

  • Ransomware assaults (37% in 2024, up from 30% in 2023).
  • Phishing assaults (35% in 2024, up from 25% in 2023).
  • Insider threats (26% in 2024, up from 19% in 2023).

Prime industries most impacted by tech in 2024

The highest 5 business sectors that might be most impacted by expertise in 2024, based on survey responses, are:

  • Telecommunications (41%, in comparison with 40% in 2023).
  • Manufacturing (39%, in comparison with 30% in 2023).
  • Banking and monetary companies (39%, in comparison with 33% in 2023)
  • Automotive and transportation (31%, in comparison with 39% in 2023)
  • Power (31%, in comparison with 33% in 2023)

“Probably the most shocking issues … is that healthcare was not highlighted as one of many prime 5 industries to be impacted by expertise in 2024,” Fontana informed TechRepublic in an e-mail interview. “Through the pandemic years, healthcare disruption was a typical speaking level. There may be nonetheless fairly a little bit of technological development wanted within the sector, so I’m stunned that it was not prime of thoughts.”

Fontana theorized that one potential motive might be “COVID fatigue,” given the quantity of dialogue dominated by healthcare up to now few years. “That stated, I used to be happy to see telemedicine was cited as the highest 2024 use case for 5G, as expertise is a key element of bridging the healthcare divide.”

Research methodology

The Impression of Know-how in 2024 and Past: an IEEE International Research surveyed 350 CIOs, CTOs, IT administrators and different expertise leaders within the U.S., China, U.Ok., India and Brazil at organizations with greater than 1,000 staff throughout a number of business sectors. The surveys had been performed on Sept. 19-23, 2023.



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